Parallel Session 6

Parallel Session 6 – Evaluating the Impact of Open Science on Research Libraries

Moderator: Cécile Swiatek, Library of University of Paris Nanterre, France
Location: Tassos Papadopoulos – Room 102 (1st Floor)

6.1) Digital infrastructure for a scalable exchange of sensitive and proprietary usage and impact metrics across public and private stakeholders

Presenter: Ursula Rabar, OPERAS, Switzerland

This presentation shares the potential for digital infrastructure to support the exchange and processing of sensitive and proprietary usage and impact metrics generated by publishers, libraries and distributors. Services provision usage data for open science; yet, opportunities exist to improve the granularity and quality of usage data by moving from the data harvesting economy towards a future supported by shared open infrastructures, secure data brokerage, machine-based dataflows and third-party auditing.

After researching and documenting the challenges, use cases and supply chain for OA book usage data from 2015-2021, the OA Book Usage Data Trust effort is developing governance building blocks for a sustainable infrastructure modelled on a certifiable European IDS (International Data Space) model. This model ensures that organizations wanting to participate in data sharing meet the highest security standards and that usage data exchange would be trusted and support ethical, non-harmful data use.

It also builds towards an understanding of a) similarities across the usage and impact data supply chain for articles, data, and books; b) the unique characteristics and similarities of usage and impact related vocabularies across multi-disciplinary scholarship, and c) emerging principles to guide the trusted public/private exchange of usage data at scale.

About the OA Book Usage Data Trust (OAEBUDT) effort

The OAEBUDT effort aims to foster a secure, multi-party exchange, aggregation and benchmarking of book usage related data, to increase trust in usage metrics, improve data quality, and reduce reporting and compliance resource-burdens related to OA usage data. With Mellon Foundation support, the project is developing ethical data use guidelines to inform OA book usage data sharing agreements and technical requirements to support data exchange between public and commercial OA book usage data creators.

6.2) Academic library efforts and user perspectives on the discoverability of scholarly open access publications: the Dutch state of the field.

Presenter: Titia van der Werf, OCLC, The Netherlands

The accelerated move to open access (OA) under the impetus of open science policies is having a significant impact on the role of research libraries in scholarly communication. When it comes to OA publications, libraries’ focus has been on publishing, not discoverability. This is in stark contrast to libraries’ investment in the discovery, authentication, and access infrastructure for paywalled content they subscribe to and their traditional role of selecting, acquiring, and organizing print collections for their users to help them find relevant scholarly publications.

Little is known about library staff’s efforts to make OA publications discoverable in their users’ workflows or the ways they measure success. Similarly, although there is ample evidence that users prefer online access to the full text of publications, less is known about users’ experiences discovering OA and the effects on their discovery journey.

Dutch academic libraries, who play a vital role in helping advance and implement the national open science policy of their country, have recognized this gap. They need better evidence of the return on investment of their OA discoverability efforts, and insights in how to improve it.

To address this need, OCLC Research partnered with the two major academic library associations in the Netherlands—Universiteitbibliotheken en Nationale Bibliotheek (UKB), and Samenwerkingsverband van Hogeschool Bibliotheken (SHB)—on the Open Access Discovery project.

Using a mixed methods approach, the research team interviewed library staff at participating Dutch universities and universities of applied science about their efforts to support OA discoverability and surveyed the participants’ user communities about their experiences searching for and accessing scholarly, peer-reviewed publications and OA.

The study’s motivation and focus on OA discovery on the one hand—putting this overlooked issue on the open science agenda—and its research methodology on the other—putting library efforts in the context of their users’ search behaviours and access experiences—make for an original and innovative approach.

The proposed presentation will be based on findings of this study and provide insights into the strengths and challenges of OA metadata workflows, how Dutch libraries support user discovery of OA publications, and stakeholder dependencies in making OA discoverable. Findings will help libraries to consider how to incorporate OA into users’ workflows, evaluate the success of their efforts, and how to identify ways to collaborate with key stakeholders.

6.3) Research libraries at the forefront: empowering Open Science decision making with the OpenAIRE Graph

Presenter: Giulia Malaguarnera, OpenAIRE

Research Libraries are at the forefront of scholarly research communication by tracking the resources, services and tools that can support responsible research assessment and facilitate decision-making by providing concrete argumentation for investing in Open Science. Upholding the values of openness and transparency, Research Performing and Funding Organisations (RPOs and RFOs) have been seeking non-commercial alternatives to research databases that will help them perform their analysis by providing valuable resources and arguments that eventually will lead to effective and efficient decision-making on the institutional level.

The OpenAIRE Graph is an open resource that can support this effort as it is shaped by the research community and currently counts over 242 Mi, of which 81 Mi open access, research products (publications, data, software) from repositories, CRIS systems, and trusted resources.

In this presentation, we will examine the vital role that research librarians can play in enhancing these resources by looking closely at the OpenAIRE Graph case. We explore their contributions in defining a common metadata schema, reporting missing information, providing resources, and linking persistent identifiers (PIDs) such as affiliations, projects, and research products. We will also demonstrate how research librarians can use the OpenAIRE Graph and guide their research communities towards trusted resources and strengthen their networks by verifying data.

We also demonstrate how the OpenAIRE Graph provides the backbone for the OpenAIRE ecosystem and portfolio of services, all designed to support the work of RPOs and RFOs:

  • The OpenAIRE Provide Community enforces the OpenAIRE Guidelines, designed to provide a public space to share the research community work on interoperability. This community regularly validates the entries and their updates in the OpenAIRE Graph, and can track visualisations, downloads and data usage via the Usage Count.
  • Initiatives like OpenCitations and OpenAPC are an integral part of the OpenAIRE Catalogue. They utilise the OpenAIRE Graph data and, in particular, OpenCitations enriches it with bibliometric information (by interconnecting and integrating open bibliographic and citation data with the OpenAIRE Graph and the EOSC Resource Catalogue) and Open APC with publication costs (APC and BPC).
  • The OpenAIRE MONITOR service provides analysis and statistics from the OpenAIRE Graph and is curated by researchers and developers. It showcases dashboards with dynamic visualisations of Open Science activities, research outputs and performance, including Research Impact, funding and collaborations indicators on demand. This service facilitates the data elaboration at Institutions, University Alliances or Networks, Research Initiatives, and at RFOs. It can also be used for creating National Monitors for Countries that want to track progress towards open access. OpenAIRE is currently developing a National Open Access Monitor for Ireland.
  • The active OpenAIRE curator community, fixes affiliation duplicates in OpenOrgs, collaborating closely with ROR, the registry for research organisations

This presentation ultimately aims to illustrate how the services and tools in the OpenAIRE catalogue can be utilised by research librarians to support informed decisions on Open Science policies and practices on the institutional level as well as showcase the power of community in curating, sustaining and powering open tools.

53rd LIBER Annual Conference