Session 7

Session 7: Trailblazing training for higher education

Thursday 7 July – 9:45 – 11:15

Chair: Hilde van Wijngaarden, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, The Netherlands

7.1 A modular and community-driven FAIR teaching and training handbook for higher education institutions, Claudia Engelhardt, Göttingen State and University Library, Yuri Demchenko, University of Amsterdam, Federica Garbuglia, European University Association, Valerie McCutcheon, University of Glasgow, Birgit Schmidt, Göttingen State and University Library, Hugh Shanahan, Royal Holloway, University of London, Armin Straube, University of Limerick, Shanmugasundaram Venkataraman, OpenAIRE, André Vieira, University of Minho, Biru Zhou, McGill University

The FAIR principles, providing guidelines to improve the findability, accessibility, interoperability and reusability of research outputs, have become a commonly recognised practice by stakeholders in research and higher education. Although a landscape study undertaken in 2019 showed that universities are well aware of the importance of the FAIR principles and are striving towards the proper integration of FAIR-related content in curricula and teaching, the actual implementation remains a challenge (Stoy et al. 2019). 
 
To support higher education institutions in this respect, a group of 40 community experts – brought together by a book sprint organised by the FAIRsFAIR project (https://fairsfair.eu) in June 2020 – created a teaching and training handbook. It comprises tools and information covering different aspects of FAIR- and RDM-related activities. These include: 
 
common Body of Knowledge and competence profiles for the bachelor’s, master’s and PhD degree levels, suggesting which knowledge, skills and competences students should acquire in terms of FAIR, 
learning outcomes matching the competence profiles, specifying what students will be able to do after a course or training on the topic(s) in question, 
sixteen lesson plans on FAIR- and RDM-related topics, 
information on course design, 
guidance on the implementation of the principles in the institutional context. 
The different components of the handbook can accommodate FAIR implementation at different levels within an institution (e.g. at the faculty level and at the institutional level). The modular design of the handbook provides a framework that can be easily maintained, updated and expanded. 
 
We envision the handbook being available in multiple formats. In addition to the project deliverable (Engelhardt et al. 2021) already available on Zenodo, a print publication and a GitBook version will be published. The GitBook version provides the flexibility for future maintenance and contributions by the community beyond the project lifetime. The editorial team intends to review the impact and feedback of the handbook a year after publication. An announcement regarding long-term maintenance and development by a defined community of practice will be made by the time of the conference. 

7.2 Open science and communities of researchers : the big gap in training. A case study at Sorbonne University, Pascale Pauplin, Sorbonne University, France

In 2019, the newly formed Sorbonne University, created in 2018 by the merger of the universities Paris-Sorbonne and Pierre-et-Marie-Curie, adopted a strategic 5-year plan for 2019-2023 that put the promotion and development of Open Science as one of its four core principles. The strong institutional and political support for open science allowed the transition from the support of best practices to the adoption of a set of institutional policies, on open access publication, open data and data management plans, and on the evaluation of research and the allocation of institutional funding. This institutional strategy is also based on the Open Science national policy (Law for a digital republic in 2016, national plan for open science in 2018 and 2021) and European incentives (European funders’ policies). The mainstreaming of open science practices is also at work within the alliances in which SU is involved, especially the 4EU+ European University Alliance (Sorbonne, Prague, Heidelberg, Warsaw, Milan and Copenhagen) developing cooperation in teaching, education and research. 
 
The challenge for Sorbonne University is to have the researchers adopt these policies in their scientific practice. It is a challenging task, requiring a small team to provide a coherent service answering the needs of a large and very heterogeneous community, with sometimes conflicting needs. 
 
In a case study of Sorbonne University’s Open Science training, this paper will highlight how flexibility and pragmatism helped the framing of a coherent training program addressing the needs of open science novices as well as experienced practitioners. It presents the options chosen to train on a large and international scales and the “à-la-carte” sessions answering the specific needs of each community. 
 
The paper also shows which skills and job profiles are needed to support a wide range of training. Some of these skills were found within the Sorbonne University Library (librarians, but also an archivist and a paleontologist), but it was also necessary to establish collaborations with other university services (ie, accompanying researchers in digital methods and data storage) for a more specific training on certain subjects. 
 
The paper also describes the network built with research-related staff in direct proximity to the researchers (open science referents, project managers, etc.) on which the library relies to promote the training program. 
 
Finally, it will present how the involvement in the 4EU+ Alliance created the opportunity to further expand the training on Open Science for an even wider and more diverse community, with the 4EU+ Open Science training program, built in collaboration with partners from six different universities during the COVID crisis and delivered online from November 2021 to July 2022. 

7.3 An Open Science Mooc: drawing on the strengths of collaboration between institutions, Marion Brunetti, Muséum national d’Histoire naturelle, France, Adrien Demilly, Sorbonne Université, France, Violaine Jacq, Sorbonne Université, France

How to train on a large scale in open science? By producing a MOOC and drawing on the strengths of collaboration between institutions. 
 
In 2019, to answer the newly adopted open access policy adopted by Sorbonne University, which aims to give all post-graduate students a training on open science, the Sorbonne University Alliance, an alliance of 6 higher education institutions (France Education International, Insead, National Museum of Natural History, Paris-Boulogne Billancourt Higher Education Centre for the Arts, Sorbonne University and the University of Technology of Compiègne) launched the production of a MOOC dedicated to open science. 
 
Strategic choices were made at the beginning: to produce the MOOC internally, developing the skills of the teams in the process; to include in the team project post-graduate students; and finally to organise several sessions during the year, in order to favour trans-disciplinary community building among the students participating in each session. 
 
Distributed on the FunMooc platform, in French and English, it is primarily aimed at the community of over 800 PhD students of the Sorbonne University Alliance but it is also open more widely to researchers, research support staff and the general public. 
 
In this MOOC 5 aspects of open science (publications, data, citizen science, research assessment, society and science) are addressed through the eyes of various scientific and technical information professionals, senior researchers and PhD students from 11 international institutions. 
 
An entire module focuses on citizen science in order to broaden open science to participation and not just access. As far as we know, this is the first time that citizen science is included in a generalist MOOC on open science in Europe. 
 
It also strives to build a community of learners, preparing PhD students to more collaborative practices, communicating with the general audience on certain research issues and encouraging researchers to share their different experiments, from all the domains they work on, as humanities, technical sciences and medicine are represented. MOOC sessions are led every semester by trainers from Sorbonne University and the National Museum of Natural History. 
 
This MOOC carries also to itself the values of open science. The graphic design is based on reusable images. The entire content (texts, interviews in full version and visuals) is under the international and French open licenses and deposited in the Zenodo open archive. 
 
Our paper will highlight the collaboration of institutions as well as the construction of a community of learners around open science. Furthermore, as the first session of the MOOC starts on March 7, at the time of LIBER 2022 Annual conference we can provide some elements regarding participation statistics and qualitative feedbacks. 

51st LIBER Annual Conference